December 2, 2022

Propranolol, Oral Tablet

Highlights for propranolol

  • Propranolol oral tablet is available only as a generic drug. It doesn’t have a brand-name version.
  • Propranolol comes in four forms: oral tablet, extended-release oral capsule, oral liquid solution, and injectable.
  • Propranolol oral tablet reduces your heart’s workload and helps it beat more regularly. It’s used to support heart function after a heart attack. It’s used to treat high blood pressure, angina, atrial fibrillation, and tremor. It’s also used to prevent migraine and help control thyroid and adrenal gland tumors.
  • Warning for stopping treatment: Do not stop taking this medication without talking with your doctor first. Stopping propranolol suddenly can cause changes in your heart rhythm and blood pressure, worsened chest pain, or a heart attack. Your doctor will slowly lower your dosage over several weeks to help prevent these effects.
  • Drowsiness warning: This drug can cause drowsiness. Don’t drive, use machinery, or perform any activities that require alertness until you know how this drug affects you.
  • Diabetes warning: Propranolol can cause low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). It may also mask the signs of low blood sugar, such as a heart rate that’s higher than average, sweating, and shakiness. This drug should be used with caution if you have diabetes, especially if you take insulin or other diabetes drugs that can cause low blood sugar. This drug may also cause low blood sugar in infants, children, and adults who don’t have diabetes. This is more likely after periods of long exercise or if you have kidney problems.
  • Asthma warning: If you have asthma or similar breathing problems, do not take propranolol. It can make your asthma worse.

Propranolol is a prescription drug. It comes in these forms: oral tablet, oral extended-release capsule, oral solution, and injectable.

Propranolol oral tablet is only available in a generic form. Generic drugs usually cost less than brand-name versions.

Propranolol oral tablet may be used in combination with other drugs.

Why it’s used

Propranolol reduces your heart’s workload and helps it beat more regularly. It’s used to:

How it works

Propranolol belongs to a class of drugs called beta-blockers. A class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar way. These drugs are often used to treat similar conditions.

Propranolol is a non-selective beta receptor blocking agent. This means it works similarly on the heart, lungs, and other areas of the body.

The way that this drug works to lower blood pressure is not clearly understood. It reduces the workload of the heart and blocks the release of a substance called renin from the kidneys.

The beta-blocking properties help to control heart rhythm, delay the start of chest pain, prevent migraine, and reduce tremors. It isn’t fully understood how this drug works to treat these problems.

Propranolol oral tablet may cause drowsiness. Do not drive, use machinery, or perform any activities that require mental alertness until you know how this drug affects you.

Propranolol can also cause other side effects.

More common side effects

The more common side effects of propranolol can include:

If these effects are mild, they may go away within a few days or a couple of weeks. If they’re more severe or don’t go away, talk with your doctor or pharmacist.

Serious side effects

Call your doctor right away if you have serious side effects. Call 911 if your symptoms feel life threatening or if you think you’re having a medical emergency. Serious side effects and their symptoms can include the following:

Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. However, because drugs affect each person differently, we can not guarantee that this information includes all possible side effects. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always discuss possible side effects with a healthcare professional who knows your medical history.

Propranolol oral tablet can interact with other medications, vitamins, or herbs you may be taking. An interaction is when a substance changes the way a drug works. This can be harmful or prevent the drug from working well.

To help avoid interactions, your doctor should manage all of your medications carefully. Be sure to tell your doctor about all medications, vitamins, or herbs you’re taking. To find out how this drug might interact with something else you’re taking, talk with your doctor or pharmacist.

Examples of drugs that can cause interactions with propranolol are listed below.

Arrhythmia drugs

Taking propranolol with other drugs that treat heart rhythm problems may cause more side effects. These include lower heart rate, lower blood pressure, or heart blockage. Your doctor should use caution if prescribing these medications together.

Examples of these drugs include:

Blood pressure drug

If you’re switching from clonidine to propranolol, your doctor should slowly reduce your dosage of clonidine and slowly increase your dosage of propranolol over several days. This is done to avoid side effects, such as lowered blood pressure.

Blood pressure drugs

Do not use propranolol with another beta-blocker. It can lower your heart rate too much. Examples of beta-blockers include:

Your doctor should use caution if they’re prescribing angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors with propranolol. Taking these drugs together can cause blood pressure that’s lower than usual. Examples of ACE inhibitors include:

Your doctor should use caution if they’re prescribing calcium channel blockers with propranolol. Using these drugs together can cause severely low heart rate, heart failure, and heart blockage. Examples of calcium channel blockers include:

Your doctor should use caution if they’re prescribing alpha-blockers with propranolol. Using these drugs together can cause blood pressure that’s lower than usual, fainting, or low blood pressure after standing up too fast. Examples of these drugs include:

Anesthetics (drugs that block sensation)

Use caution if you’re taking these medications with propranolol. Propranolol might affect how these medications are cleared from your body, which can be harmful. Examples of these drugs include:

  • lidocaine
  • bupivacaine
  • mepivacaine

Drugs used to increase heart rate and blood pressure

Do not use these medications with propranolol. These drugs cancel one another out. This means that neither of them will work. Examples of these drugs include:

Asthma drugs

You should not take these drugs with propranolol. Doing so increases the amount of these drugs in your blood. This can increase your risk of side effects. Examples of these drugs include:

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

These drugs may decrease the blood pressure-lowering effects of propranolol. If you take these drugs together, your doctor should monitor your blood pressure. They may need to change your propranolol dosage.

Examples of NSAIDs include:

Blood thinner

When taken with warfarin, propranolol can increase the amount of warfarin in your body. This may cause an increase in how long you bleed from any wound. Your warfarin dosage may need to be changed if you take these drugs together.

Drugs to treat stomach ulcers

Taking cimetidine with propranolol can increase the levels of propranolol in your blood. This can cause more side effects.

Antacids with aluminum hydroxide

Taking these drugs with propranolol may make propranolol less effective. Your doctor will need to monitor you and may need to change your dosage of propranolol.

Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. However, because drugs interact differently in each person, we can not guarantee that this information includes all possible interactions. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always speak with your healthcare professional about possible interactions with all prescription drugs, vitamins, herbs and supplements, and over-the-counter drugs that you are taking.

This drug comes with several warnings.

Allergy warning

Propranolol can cause a severe allergic reaction. Symptoms may include:

  • rash
  • hives
  • wheezing
  • trouble breathing
  • swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat

If you develop these symptoms, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room.

Do not take this drug again if you have ever had an allergic reaction to it. Taking it again could be fatal (cause death).

If you’ve had severe allergic reactions to other agents causing anaphylaxis, your allergies may be more reactive when you take propranolol. The usual doses of your allergy medication, epinephrine, may not work as well while you take this drug. Propranolol may block some of epinephrine’s effects.

Alcohol Interaction warning

Alcohol can increase levels of propranolol in your body. This can cause more side effects. You should not drink alcohol while taking this drug.

Warnings for people with certain health conditions

For people with cardiogenic shock: Do not use propranolol. Propranolol reduces the force of your heartbeat, which could make this condition much worse.

For people with slower than average heart rate: You should not use propranolol. This drug can slow down your heart rate even more, which could be dangerous.

For people with higher than first-degree heart block: You should not use propranolol. Propranolol reduces the force of your heartbeat, which could make your heart block worse.

For people with asthma: You should not use propranolol. This drug can make your asthma worse.

For people with severe chest pain: Suddenly stopping propranolol can worsen your chest pain.

For people with heart failure: You should not take this drug. Propranolol reduces the force of your heartbeat, which could make your heart failure worse. Propranolol may be helpful if you have a history of heart failure, are taking heart failure medications, and are being closely monitored by your doctor.

For people with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome: This medical condition can cause a heart rate that’s slower than average. Treatment of this condition with propranolol may reduce your heart rate too much. Treatment with a pacemaker may be needed.

For people with diabetes: Propranolol can cause hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). It may also mask the signs of low blood sugar, such as a heart rate that’s faster than average, sweating, and shakiness. This drug should be used with caution if you have diabetes, especially if you take insulin or other diabetes drugs that can cause low blood sugar.

For people with hyperactive thyroid: Propranolol can mask the symptoms of hyperthyroidism (hyperactive thyroid), such as a heart rate that’s faster than average. If you suddenly stop taking propranolol and have hyperthyroidism, your symptoms can get worse, or you may get a serious condition called thyroid storm.

For people with chronic bronchitis or emphysema: In general, if you have problems breathing, you should not take propranolol. It can make your lung condition worse.

For people who plan to have major surgery: Tell your doctor that you’re taking propranolol. This drug can change how your heart reacts to general anesthesia and surgery.

For people with glaucoma: Propranolol may decrease the pressure in your eyes. This may make it hard to tell if your medications for glaucoma are working. When you stop taking propranolol, the pressure in your eyes may increase.

For people with allergies: If you have had severe allergic reactions that cause anaphylaxis, your allergies may get worse when you take propranolol. Your usual doses of the allergy medication epinephrine may not work as well. Propranolol may block some of the effects of epinephrine.

For people with uncontrolled bleeding or shock: If you have hemorrhage or shock, a serious problem where your organs don’t get enough blood, drugs to treat these conditions may not work as well if you’re taking propranolol. This is especially true if you’re taking propranolol to treat pheochromocytoma, a tumor in the adrenal gland.

Warnings for other groups

For pregnant people: Talk with your doctor if you’re pregnant or planning to become pregnant. Research in animals has shown adverse effects on the fetus when the pregnant animal takes the drug. There haven’t been enough studies done in humans to be certain how the drug might affect the fetus. This drug should only be used if the potential benefit outweighs the potential risk.

For people who are nursing: Propranolol is passed through breast milk. The drug may be used while you’re nursing, but your child should be monitored. In your child, propranolol may cause a slower heart rate and low blood sugar. It can also cause decreased oxygen in the blood, which can cause cyanosis. This condition turns your child’s skin, lips, or nails blue.

For seniors: Seniors might have decreased liver, kidney, and heart function, and other medical conditions. Your doctor will take these factors and the medications that you’re taking into account when starting you on propranolol.

For children: It hasn’t been determined that propranolol is safe and effective for use in children younger than 18 years old. There have been reports of heart failure and airway spasms in children who have taken this drug.

All possible dosages and forms may not be included here. Your dose, form, and how often you take it will depend on:

  • your age
  • the condition being treated
  • how severe your condition is
  • other medical conditions you have
  • how you react to the first dose

Drug form and strengths

Generic: Propranolol

  • Form: oral tablet
  • Strengths: 10 mg, 20 mg, 40 mg, 60 mg, 80 mg

Dosage for atrial fibrillation

Adult dosage (ages 18 years and older)

The typical dosage is 10–30 mg taken 3–4 times per day, before meals and at bedtime.

Child dosage (ages 0–17 years)

It hasn’t been established that propranolol is safe and effective for use in children younger than 18 years.

Dosage for hypertension (high blood pressure)

Adult dosage (ages 18 years and older)

  • Typical starting dosage: 40 mg taken twice per day.
  • Dosage increases: Your doctor may slowly increase your dosage.
  • Typical maintenance dosage: 120–240 mg per day given in 2–3 divided doses. Doses up to 640 mg per day have been given in some cases.
  • Notes:
  • It may take a few days to several weeks for this drug to work fully.
  • If you’re taking a low dose twice per day and your blood pressure isn’t controlled, your doctor may increase your dosage or tell you to take the drug three times per day.

Child dosage (ages 0–17 years)

It hasn’t been established that propranolol is safe and effective for use in children younger than 18 years.

Dosage for angina (chest pain)

Adult dosage (ages 18 years and older)

  • Typical dosage: 80–320 mg. You’ll take this total amount in divided doses 2–4 times per day.

Child dosage (ages 0–17 years)

It hasn’t been established that propranolol is safe and effective for use in children younger than 18 years.

Dosage for heart attack

Adult dosage (ages 18 years and older)

  • Typical starting dosage: 40 mg taken three times per day.
  • Dosage increases: After 1 month, your doctor may increase your dosage to 60–80 mg taken three times per day.
  • Typical maintenance dosage: 180–240 mg. This is divided into smaller, equal doses and taken two or three times per day.

Child dosage (ages 0–17 years)

It hasn’t been established that propranolol is safe and effective for use in children younger than 18 years.

Dosage for hypertrophic subaortic stenosis

Adult dosage (ages 18 years and older)

  • Typical dosage: 20–40 mg taken 3–4 times per day, before meals and at bedtime.

Child dosage (ages 0–17 years)

It hasn’t been established that propranolol is safe and effective for use in children younger than 18 years.

Dosage for migraine

Adult dosage (ages 18 years and older)

  • Typical starting dosage: 80 mg per day. You’ll take this amount in smaller, equal doses several times during the day.
  • Typical maintenance dosage: 160–240 mg per day.
  • Note:
  • If the maximum effective dosage isn’t helping your migraine after 4–6 weeks of therapy, your doctor may have you stop taking the medication. Your dosage or how often you take the drug may be slowly reduced over several weeks to avoid side effects from stopping too quickly.

Child dosage (ages 0–17 years)

It hasn’t been established that propranolol is safe and effective for use in children younger than 18 years.

Dosage for essential tremor

Adult dosage (ages 18 years and older)

  • Typical starting dosage: 40 mg taken twice per day.
  • Dosage increases: You may need to take a total dosage of 120 mg per day. In some cases, it may be necessary to take 240–320 mg per day.

Child dosage (ages 0–17 years)

It hasn’t been established that propranolol is safe and effective for use in children younger than 18 years.

Dosage for pheochromocytoma (tumor in the adrenal gland)

Adult dosage (ages 18 years and older)

  • Typical maintenance dosage: 60 mg per day taken in divided doses starting 3 days before your surgery.
  • Notes:
  • You’ll take this drug with other medications. Propranolol isn’t used alone to treat pheochromocytoma.
  • If the surgery can’t be done for the tumor, the usual dosage of this drug is 30 mg per day taken in divided doses with other drugs.

Child dosage (ages 0–17 years)

It hasn’t been established that propranolol is safe and effective for use in children younger than 18 years.

Special dosage considerations

  • For people with kidney problems: Your doctor should use caution when prescribing this drug for you.
  • For people with liver problems: Your doctor should use caution when prescribing this drug for you.

Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. However, because drugs affect each person differently, we can not guarantee that this list includes all possible dosages. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always speak with your doctor or pharmacist about dosages that are right for you.

Propranolol oral tablet is used for long-term treatment. It comes with serious risks if you don’t take it as prescribed.

If you don’t take it at all: Your condition will get worse and you may be at risk of serious heart problems, such as heart attack or stroke.

If you skip or miss doses: The condition you’re treating may get worse.

If you take too much: If you think you’ve taken too much of this drug, call your doctor or local poison control center. If your symptoms are severe, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room right away.

What to do if you miss a dose: If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it’s close to the time of your next dose, only take one dose at that time.

Do not double the dose to try to make up for the missed dose. This can cause dangerous effects.

How to tell if the drug is working: Your symptoms should improve. For instance, your blood pressure and heart rate should be lower. Or you should have less chest pain, tremors, or shaking, or fewer migraine headaches.

Keep these considerations in mind if your doctor prescribes propranolol for you.

General

  • Take this drug before meals and at bedtime.
  • You can cut or crush the tablet.

Storage

  • Store tablets between 59°F to 86°F (15°C to 30°C).
  • Protect this drug from light.
  • Don’t store this medication in moist or damp areas, such as bathrooms.

Refills

A prescription for this medication is refillable. You should not need a new prescription for this medication to be refilled. Your doctor will write the number of refills authorized on your prescription.

Travel

When traveling with your medication:

  • Always carry your medication with you. When flying, never put it into a checked bag. Keep it in your carry-on bag.
  • Don’t worry about airport X-ray machines. They can’t harm your medication.
  • You may need to show airport staff the pharmacy label for your medication. Always carry the original prescription-labeled container with you.
  • Don’t put this medication in your car’s glove compartment or leave it in the car. Be sure to avoid doing this when the weather is very hot or very cold.

Self-management

While you’re taking propranolol, you’ll need to monitor your:

  • blood pressure
  • heart rate
  • blood sugar (if you have diabetes)

Clinical monitoring

While you’re taking this drug, your doctor will periodically do blood tests to check your:

Availability

Not every pharmacy stocks this drug. When filling your prescription, be sure to call ahead to make sure your pharmacy carries it.

There are other drugs available to treat your condition. Some may be better suited for you than others. Talk with your doctor about other drug options that may work for you.

Disclaimer: Healthline has made every effort to make certain that all information is factually correct, comprehensive, and up to date. However, this article should not be used as a substitute for the knowledge and expertise of a licensed healthcare professional. You should always consult your doctor or another healthcare professional before taking any medication. The drug information contained herein is subject to change and is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. The absence of warnings or other information for a given drug does not indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.

 

All About Amlodipine Oral Tablet

If you have certain heart conditions, your doctor may prescribe amlodipine oral tablet for you.

It’s a prescription drug that’s used to treat high blood pressure in adults and some children. It’s also used to treat coronary artery disease (CAD) in adults. (CAD prevents your arteries from supplying enough blood to your heart. And this can lead to angina, which is a type of chest pain.)

For high blood pressure and CAD, you may take amlodipine oral tablets with other drugs.

To learn more about these conditions and how amlodipine is used to treat them, see the “What is amlodipine oral tablet used for?” section below.

Amlodipine oral tablet basics

Amlodipine oral tablet contains the active drug amlodipine besylate. This drug is classified as a calcium channel blocker.

You’ll take amlodipine oral tablets by swallowing them.

Note: Amlodipine also comes as an oral suspension (a type of liquid mixture). But only the oral tablet is described in this article. If you’d like to learn about amlodipine’s other form, talk with your doctor or pharmacist.

Amlodipine oral tablet brand-name versions

Amlodipine oral tablet is a generic medication. But it is also available in a brand-name version called Norvasc.

Note: The oral suspension form of amlodipine has another brand-name drug version. To learn about this other version, talk with your doctor or pharmacist.

Amlodipine oral tablet is a generic drug. A generic drug is an exact copy of the active drug in a brand-name medication. Norvasc is the brand-name medication that amlodipine oral tablet is based on. A generic is considered to be as safe and effective as the original drug. Generics tend to cost less than brand-name drugs.

If you’re interested in using Norvasc instead of amlodipine oral tablet, talk with your doctor. They can tell you if Norvasc comes in strengths that can be used for your condition. If you have insurance, you’ll also need to check whether your plan will cover Norvasc.

To learn more about how generics compare with brand-name drugs, see this article.

Like most drugs, amlodipine oral tablet may cause mild or serious side effects. The lists below describe some of the more common side effects. These lists don’t include all possible side effects.

Keep in mind that side effects of a drug can depend on:

  • your age
  • the dosage you’re prescribed
  • other health conditions you have
  • other medications you may be taking

Your doctor or pharmacist can tell you more about the potential side effects of amlodipine oral tablet. They can also suggest ways to help reduce side effects.

Mild side effects

Here’s a short list of some of the mild side effects that amlodipine oral tablet can cause. To learn about other mild side effects, talk with your doctor or pharmacist, or read amlodipine oral tablet’s prescribing information.

Mild side effects of amlodipine oral tablet that have been reported include:

Mild side effects of many drugs may go away within a few days or a couple of weeks. But if they become bothersome, talk with your doctor or pharmacist.

* For more information on this side effect, see the “Side effect focus” section below.

Serious side effects

Serious side effects from amlodipine oral tablet can occur, but they aren’t common. If you have serious side effects, call your doctor right away. However, if you think you’re having a medical emergency, you should call 911 or your local emergency number.

Serious side effects of amlodipine oral tablet that have been reported include:

* For more information on this side effect, see the “Side effect focus” section below.

Side effect focus

Learn more about some of the side effects amlodipine oral tablet may cause.

Weight gain

You may have weight gain while you’re taking amlodipine oral tablets. But this wasn’t a common side effect in studies of the drug.

You may also gain weight if you have edema (swelling), which is a possible side effect of amlodipine oral tablet. For more information about this, see the “Edema, such as leg swelling” section just below.

What might help

If you’re concerned about weight gain while taking amlodipine, talk with your doctor. They can recommend healthy ways to manage your weight.

Edema, such as leg swelling

You may have edema (swelling) while you’re taking amlodipine oral tablets. This was the most common side effect reported in studies of the drug.

Swelling from amlodipine oral tablets typically happens in your arms, feet, hands, or legs. Your risk for swelling with amlodipine may increase with higher doses of the drug.

What might help

Tell your doctor about any swelling you have while you’re taking amlodipine oral tablets. They may lower the dosage you’re prescribed. Or they may switch you to a different drug to treat your condition.

If your swelling is mild and isn’t bothersome, your doctor may tell you it’s safe to keep taking amlodipine oral tablets. To help lessen swelling while taking this drug, you can try the following remedies:

  • wear compression stockings or wraps on the swollen area
  • keep the swollen area elevated

If your swelling is severe or bothersome, your doctor may have you stop taking amlodipine oral tablets. If so, your swelling will likely go down within several days after stopping the drug.

Constipation

You may have constipation while you’re taking amlodipine oral tablets. But this wasn’t a common side effect in studies of the drug.

Constipation can cause symptoms such as:

  • having fewer bowel movements than usual
  • passing hard stools
  • taking a longer time than usual to pass stools

What might help

Tell your doctor if you have constipation while taking amlodipine oral tablets.

If you have constipation, it’s important to keep your body hydrated by drinking plenty of water. You can also try eating certain foods to help stay hydrated.

Eating foods rich in fiber can help relieve your constipation. These foods include whole grains, vegetables, and raw fruits.

Over-the-counter medications, such as laxatives and stool softeners, are also effective for relieving constipation. But make sure you check with your doctor or pharmacist before taking any new medications with amlodipine oral tablet.

Allergic reaction

Some people may have an allergic reaction to amlodipine oral tablet.

Symptoms of a mild allergic reaction can include:

  • skin rash
  • itchiness
  • flushing (temporary warmth, redness, or deepening of skin color)

A more severe allergic reaction is rare but possible. Symptoms of a severe allergic reaction can include swelling under your skin, typically in your eyelids, lips, hands, or feet. They can also include swelling of your tongue, mouth, or throat, which can cause trouble breathing.

Call your doctor right away if you have an allergic reaction to amlodipine oral tablet. But if you think you’re having a medical emergency, call 911 or your local emergency number.

Your doctor will recommend the dosage of amlodipine oral tablet that’s right for you. Below are commonly used dosages, but always take the dosage your doctor prescribes.

Form and strengths

Amlodipine oral tablets are swallowed. They’re available in three strengths:

  • 2.5 milligrams (mg)
  • 5 mg
  • 10 mg

Note: Amlodipine also comes as an oral suspension (a type of liquid mixture). But only the oral tablet is described in this article. If you’d like to learn about amlodipine’s other form, talk with your doctor or pharmacist.

Recommended dosages

The usual dose range from amlodipine varies, depending on the reason your doctor prescribes the drug for you. Your dose will also be based on:

  • your age, as the recommended dosage may be lower for older people
  • other health conditions you may have

Dosage for high blood pressure

To manage high blood pressure in adults, your doctor may prescribe a starting dosage of 5 mg of amlodipine once per day.

In certain cases, including if you’re taking other drugs for blood pressure, your doctor may prescribe a starting dosage of 2.5 mg once per day.

Your doctor will adjust your dose as needed, based on your blood pressure. The maximum dosage is 10 mg per day.

Dosage for coronary artery disease

For coronary artery disease (CAD), including angina (a type of chest pain), the recommended dosage range is 5 mg to 10 mg of amlodipine once per day. The maximum dosage is 10 mg per day.

Children’s dosage

Amlodipine oral tablet is used to treat high blood pressure in children ages 6 years and older. The recommended dosage range is 2.5 mg to 5 mg of amlodipine once per day in children.

Your child’s dose will be adjusted as needed based on their blood pressure.

Questions about amlodipine oral tablet dosing

Below are some common questions about amlodipine oral tablet’s dosing.

  • What if I miss a dose of amlodipine oral tablet? You can take your missed dose of amlodipine as soon as you remember. But if more than 12 hours have passed since you missed the dose, skip it and take your next dose at the normal time. Talk with your doctor or pharmacist if you aren’t sure whether to skip or take a missed dose of amlodipine oral tablet.
  • Will I need to use amlodipine oral tablet long term? Yes, most likely. You’ll probably take amlodipine long term if it’s working for you and isn’t causing bothersome side effects. Your doctor will tell you the right length of time to take amlodipine oral tablets.
  • How long does amlodipine oral tablet take to work? Amlodipine oral tablets start working right away to treat your condition. But it may take a couple of days after your first dose for the drug to start lowering your blood pressure or easing your chest pain.

Your doctor will explain how you should take amlodipine oral tablets. They will also explain how much to take and how often. Be sure to follow your doctor’s instructions.

Taking amlodipine oral tablets

You’ll take amlodipine oral tablets by mouth, once per day. The drug isn’t typically taken twice a day.

You can take your dose any time of day. But the drug can cause side effects such as extreme drowsiness, sleepiness, and fatigue (lack of energy). So you may want to take your dose at bedtime.

Accessible medication containers and labels

If it’s hard for you to read the label on your prescription, tell your doctor or pharmacist. Certain pharmacies may provide medication labels that:

  • have large print
  • use braille
  • contain a code you can scan with a smartphone to change the text into audio

Your doctor or pharmacist may be able to recommend a pharmacy that offers these options if your current pharmacy doesn’t.

Also, if you’re having trouble opening your medication bottles, let your pharmacist know. They may be able to put amlodipine oral tablets in an easy-open container. Your pharmacist may also recommend tools to help make it simpler to open the drug’s container.

Taking amlodipine oral tablets with other drugs

Amlodipine oral tablet may be used with other drugs that treat high blood pressure, coronary artery disease (CAD), and angina (a type of chest pain).

For high blood pressure, amlodipine may be used together with:

For CAD and angina, amlodipine oral tablet may be used together with:

  • beta-blockers, such as:
  • nitrates, such as:
  • isosorbide mononitrate (Imdur)

If you have questions about other drugs that are right for treating your condition, talk with your doctor.

Questions about taking amlodipine oral tablets

Here’s a list of common questions about taking amlodipine.

  • Can amlodipine oral tablets be chewed, crushed, or split? The manufacturer of amlodipine oral tablets hasn’t stated whether the drug can be chewed, crushed, or split. If you have trouble swallowing amlodipine tablets whole, talk with your doctor or pharmacist.
  • Should I take amlodipine oral tablets with food? You can take amlodipine oral tablets with food or without it.
  • Is there a best time of day to take amlodipine oral tablets? There isn’t a best time of day to take amlodipine oral tablets. They can be taken at any time of day (unless your doctor recommends taking your doses at a certain time). Taking your dose at about the same time each day can help you remember to take the medication. Doing this also helps keep a steady level of the drug in your body.

Questions for your doctor

You may have questions about amlodipine oral tablet and your treatment plan. It’s important to discuss all your concerns with your doctor.

Here are a few tips that might help guide your discussion:

  • Before your appointment, write down questions like:
  • How will amlodipine oral tablet affect my body, mood, or lifestyle?
  • Bring someone with you to your appointment if doing so will help you feel more comfortable.
  • If you don’t understand something related to your condition or treatment, ask your doctor to explain it to you.

Remember, your doctor and other healthcare professionals are available to help you. And they want you to get the best care possible. So don’t be afraid to ask questions or offer feedback on your treatment.

If you have certain heart conditions, your doctor may prescribe amlodipine oral tablet for you.

This drug is prescribed to treat high blood pressure. It’s used for this purpose in adults and children ages 6 years and older.

High blood pressure typically develops over the course of several years. You may not notice any symptoms from it. But it can make your heart work harder than normal to pump blood through your body.

But even without symptoms, high blood pressure can cause damage to your blood vessels and organs. It can especially affect your brain, heart, eyes, and kidneys.

Amlodipine oral tablet is also prescribed to treat coronary artery disease (CAD) in adults. CAD is a condition that causes your blood vessels to narrow, which lessens blood flow to your heart. This leads to angina (a type of chest pain).

Amlodipine oral tablet is used to treat these specific types of CAD:

  • chronic (long-lasting) stable angina (a type of chest pain that happens in a predictable pattern)
  • vasospastic angina (a type of chest pain that happens suddenly)
  • CAD without heart failure

CAD causes impaired blood flow in the arteries that supply blood to your heart. This condition can increase your risk for heart attack if it’s not diagnosed and treated.

For both high blood pressure and CAD, you may take amlodipine oral tablets together with other drugs.

Amlodipine oral tablet is a type of drug called a calcium channel blocker. It works by widening your blood vessels. This helps lower your blood pressure and improves blood flow to your heart, which reduces chest pain.

Find answers to some commonly asked questions about amlodipine oral tablet.

What are some alternative drugs to amlodipine?

Amlodipine is prescribed to treat high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, and angina (a type of chest pain). It belongs to a group of drugs called calcium channel blockers.

Other medications are also used to treat these conditions. Below are a few alternatives to amlodipine:

Each drug listed above works differently in your body to lower blood pressure or help supply blood to your heart. If you have questions about how amlodipine and its alternatives are alike and different, talk with your doctor.

Is amlodipine a beta-blocker, ACE inhibitor, or diuretic?

No, amlodipine isn’t a beta-blocker, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, or diuretic.

Amlodipine belongs to a group of drugs called calcium channel blockers. Calcium channel blockers, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, and diuretics are used to treat similar conditions. But the drugs work in different ways in your body.

If you have questions about how amlodipine is different from these other types of drugs, talk with your doctor or pharmacist.

Will I have side effects when stopping amlodipine?

Yes, you may have certain side effects when stopping amlodipine. Your symptoms can depend on the reason you’re taking the drug.

For example:

  • If you take amlodipine for high blood pressure, it’s likely your blood pressure will increase after you stop taking the drug.
  • If you take amlodipine to treat coronary artery disease and angina (a type of chest pain), you may start having chest pain again after the drug is stopped.

Do not stop taking amlodipine unless your doctor says it’s safe to do so. If they recommend that you should stop amlodipine, it’s likely your doctor will decrease your dose slowly over time. This can help lessen any side effects that you may have from stopping the drug.

What’s amlodipine’s half-life? How long does it stay in your system?

The half-life of a drug is the time it takes for half of a dose of the drug to leave your body. Amlodipine’s half-life is 30 to 50 hours. In other words, it takes about 30 to 50 hours for your body to get rid of half of a dose of amlodipine.

It usually takes about five half-lives for a drug to leave your system entirely. For amlodipine, this means the drug will stay in your system for about 10 days after your last dose.

Does amlodipine cause hair loss?

No, it isn’t likely that you’ll have hair loss with amlodipine. Hair loss wasn’t seen in studies of the drug.

If you have hair loss while you’re taking amlodipine, talk with your doctor. They can check to see if something else is causing this condition.

Will I have a cough when using amlodipine?

No, you probably won’t have a cough when taking amlodipine. A cough wasn’t a side effect reported in studies of the drug.

But you may take other drugs together with amlodipine that can cause a cough. For example, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors may cause a cough. Examples of ACE inhibitors include lisinopril (Zestril) and benazepril (Lotensin).

So if you have a cough while you’re taking amlodipine with these drugs, it’s likely caused by the ACE inhibitor and not by amlodipine.

If you have a bothersome cough while you’re taking amlodipine, talk with your doctor. They can recommend ways to treat your cough.

Amlodipine and losartan are prescription oral tablets. Both are generic drugs. The table below shows an overview of how these drugs compare:

These drugs cause similar side effects, though losartan has a boxed warning about risk of fetal harm if taken during pregnancy. A boxed warning is the most serious warning from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

For details about these drugs and their side effects, you can refer to the prescribing information for amlodipine oral tablet and losartan oral tablet. You can also talk with your doctor or pharmacist for details about how these drugs compare.

* Only amlodipine oral tablet is described in this article. To learn about amlodipine’s other form, you can talk with your doctor or pharmacist.

When considering amlodipine oral tablet, it’s important to talk with your doctor. Discuss your overall health with them and tell them about any other health conditions you have.

Below are a few things you should consider before taking amlodipine.

Interactions

Taking medications, vaccines, foods, and other things with a certain drug can affect how the drug works. These effects are called interactions.

Before taking amlodipine oral tablets, be sure to tell your doctor about all medications you take, including prescription and over-the-counter types. Also describe any vitamins, herbs, or supplements you use. Your doctor or pharmacist can tell you about any interactions these items may cause with amlodipine oral tablet.

Interactions with drugs or supplements

Amlodipine oral tablet can interact with several types of drugs. These drugs include:

This list does not contain all types of drugs that may interact with amlodipine oral tablet. Your doctor or pharmacist can tell you more about these interactions and any others that may occur with use of amlodipine oral tablet.

Warnings

Amlodipine oral tablet may not be right for you if you have certain medical conditions or other factors that affect your health. Conditions that prevent you from taking a drug are sometimes called “contraindications.”

Talk with your doctor about your health history before you take amlodipine oral tablets. Factors to consider include those in the list below.

  • Heart problems. Before taking amlodipine oral tablets, tell your doctor if you have heart conditions that cause very narrow heart valves or arteries. These conditions include aortic stenosis and obstructive coronary artery disease. These heart problems can raise your risk for low blood pressure, heart attack, or worsened angina (a type of chest pain) after taking amlodipine.
  • Liver problems. If you have liver problems, such as liver failure, tell your doctor before starting amlodipine oral tablets. Your body won’t break down amlodipine as effectively if you have liver problems. So your doctor will likely give you lower doses of amlodipine.
  • Allergic reaction. If you’ve had an allergic reaction to amlodipine oral tablet or any of its ingredients, you should not take this drug. Ask your doctor about other medications that might be better options for you.

Use with alcohol

There aren’t any known issues with drinking alcohol while taking amlodipine oral tablets.

If you drink alcohol, talk with your doctor about the amount that’s safe for you to drink while taking this drug.

Pregnancy and breastfeeding

It’s not known if amlodipine oral tablets are safe to use while pregnant or breastfeeding.

If you’re pregnant or planning a pregnancy while taking amlodipine, talk with your doctor. They can discuss the risks and benefits of taking amlodipine oral tablets during pregnancy.

It’s recommended that you do not breastfeed while taking amlodipine. The nursing implications for the drug are not known. If you’re breastfeeding or planning to breastfeed, your doctor may prescribe a drug other than amlodipine for you.

Costs of prescription drugs can vary depending on many factors. These factors include what your insurance plan covers and which pharmacy you use.

Financial assistance to help you pay for amlodipine oral tablet may be available. Medicine Assistance Tool and NeedyMeds are two websites that provide resources to help reduce the cost of Amlodipine oral tablet.

They also offer tools to help you find low-cost healthcare and certain educational resources. To learn more, visit their websites.

To learn more about the cost of amlodipine, you can see this article.

Do not take more amlodipine oral tablets than your doctor prescribes. Using more than this can lead to serious side effects.

Symptoms of overdose

Symptoms caused by an overdose can include low blood pressure that leads to an increased heart rate.

What to do in case you take too much amlodipine oral tablet

Call your doctor if you think you’ve taken too much amlodipine oral tablet. You can also call 800-222-1222 to reach the American Association of Poison Control Centers, or use its online resource. However, if you have severe symptoms, immediately call 911 (or your local emergency number) or go to the nearest emergency room.

If you have questions about using amlodipine for high blood pressure, coronary artery disease (CAD), or angina (a type of chest pain), talk with your doctor.

You may want to ask about other treatment options for these conditions. Below are a few articles you may find helpful:

For information about the cost of amlodipine treatment, you can refer to this article. Additionally, here’s a list of questions you may want to ask your doctor about amlodipine oral tablet:

  • Does amlodipine interact with any foods or drugs I take, such as grapefruit or ibuprofen?
  • How is amlodipine different from other drugs that treat high blood pressure or CAD?
  • Should I use other treatments for high blood pressure or CAD while taking amlodipine?

To get information on different conditions and tips for improving your health, subscribe to any of Healthline’s newsletters. You may also want to check out the online communities at Bezzy. It’s a place where people with certain conditions can find support and connect with others.

Disclaimer: Healthline has made every effort to make certain that all information is factually correct, comprehensive, and up to date. However, this article should not be used as a substitute for the knowledge and expertise of a licensed healthcare professional. You should always consult your doctor or another healthcare professional before taking any medication. The drug information contained herein is subject to change and is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. The absence of warnings or other information for a given drug does not indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.

 

Losartan, Oral Tablet

  • Losartan oral tablet is available as a brand-name drug and a generic drug. Brand name: Cozaar.
  • Losartan comes only as a tablet taken by mouth.
  • Losartan is used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure) in adults and some children. It is also used to help the kidneys work better in people who have diabetes. In addition, it is used to reduce the risk of stroke in someone who has high blood pressure and a heart condition called left ventricular hypertrophy.

Losartan is a prescription drug. It comes as an oral tablet.

Losartan is available as the brand-name drug Cozaar. It is also available as a generic drug. Generic drugs usually cost less than the brand-name version. In some cases, they may not be available in every strength or form as the brand-name drug.

Losartan may be taken as part of a combination therapy with other medications to lower blood pressure.

What is losartan used for?

Losartan is used for three main purposes. It is used to:

  • treat high blood pressure in adults and some children
  • lower the risk of stroke in adults with high blood pressure and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), which is a condition that causes the walls in the heart’s left ventricle to thicken
  • treat diabetic nephropathy, which is kidney disease caused by diabetes, in certain adults with type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure, either currently or in the past

Losartan drug class

Losartan belongs to a class of drugs called angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). A class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar way. They are often used to treat similar conditions.

Other ARBs include olmesartan, valsartan, and telmisartan. Like losartan, these drugs can be used to treat high blood pressure and other heart problems.

How losartan works

Losartan works by blocking the action of angiotensin II, a chemical in the body that causes the blood vessels to tighten and narrow. Losartan helps relax and widen the blood vessels. This lowers blood pressure.

This action helps treat high blood pressure as well as the other two conditions losartan is usually prescribed for. High blood pressure and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) increase the risk of stroke, so lower blood pressure reduces that risk.

Lower blood pressure also reduces the risk of kidney damage. This is because high blood pressure raises the risk of kidney damage that is caused by the high blood sugar levels linked with diabetes.

Losartan can cause mild or serious side effects. The following list contains some of the key side effects that may occur while taking losartan. This list does not include all possible side effects.

For more information on the possible side effects of losartan, or tips on how to deal with a troubling side effect, talk with a doctor or pharmacist.

More common side effects

The more common side effects that can occur with losartan include:

  • upper respiratory infections, such as the common cold
  • dizziness
  • stuffy nose
  • back pain
  • diarrhea
  • fatigue
  • low blood sugar
  • chest pain
  • high or low blood pressure

These effects may go away within a few days or a couple of weeks. If they are more severe or do not go away, talk with a doctor or pharmacist.

Serious side effects

A person should call the doctor right away if they have serious side effects. Call 911 if symptoms feel life threatening or if a person thinks they are having a medical emergency. Serious side effects and their symptoms can include the following:

  • High potassium blood levels. Symptoms can include:
  • heart rhythm problems
  • muscle weakness
  • slow heart rate
  • Allergic reactions. Symptoms can include:
  • swelling of the face, lips, throat, or tongue
  • Low blood pressure. Symptoms can include:
  • Kidney disease. Symptoms can include:
  • swelling in the feet, ankles, or hands
  • Unexplained weight gain

Losartan can interact with several other medications. Different interactions can cause different effects. For instance, some can interfere with how well a drug works, while others can cause increased side effects.

Below is a list of medications that can interact with losartan. This list does not contain all drugs that may interact with losartan.

Before taking losartan, a person should be sure to tell their doctor and pharmacist about all prescription, over-the-counter, and other drugs they take. Also tell them about any vitamins, herbs, and supplements being used. Sharing this information can help avoid potential interactions.

If a person has questions about drug interactions that may affect them, ask a doctor or pharmacist.

Lithium

Taking losartan with lithium, a drug used to treat bipolar disorder, may increase the levels of lithium in the body. This can increase the risk of dangerous side effects.

If a person needs to take these drugs together, their doctor may reduce their lithium dosage.

Blood pressure drugs

Taking losartan with other drugs that work in the same way may increase the chance of low blood pressure, high potassium levels in the blood, and kidney damage.

Examples of these drugs include:

  • angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), such as:
  • irbesartan
  • candesartan
  • valsartan
  • angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, such as:
  • lisinopril
  • fosinopril
  • enalapril
  • direct renin inhibitors, such as aliskiren

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

A person should not take NSAIDs with losartan. Using losartan with NSAIDs raises the risk of kidney damage. That risk may be higher if a person:

  • has poor kidney function
  • is a senior
  • takes a water pill
  • is dehydrated

NSAIDs may also reduce the blood pressure-lowering effects of losartan. This means that losartan may not work as well if taken with an NSAID.

Examples of NSAIDs include:

Rifampin

Taking losartan with rifampin, a drug used to treat tuberculosis, can increase how quickly the body removes losartan. This means losartan may not work as well to lower blood pressure if taken with these drugs.

Diuretics (water pills)

Losartan can cause low blood pressure. The risk of low blood pressure is increased if a person also takes diuretics. Symptoms of low blood pressure can include dizziness or feeling faint, or chest pain. Examples of diuretics include:

  • hydrochlorothiazide
  • furosemide
  • spironolactone

Drugs or supplements that contain potassium

Losartan can increase the levels of a substance called potassium in the blood. Taking losartan with drugs that contain potassium, potassium supplements, or salt substitutes with potassium can increase the risk of hyperkalemia (high levels of potassium).

Examples of drugs that contain potassium include:

  • potassium chloride (Klor-Con, Klor Con M, K-Tab, Micro-K)
  • potassium gluconate
  • potassium bicarbonate (Klor-Con EF)

The losartan dosage a doctor prescribes will depend on several factors. These include:

  • the type and severity of the condition that losartan is being used to treat
  • a person’s age
  • a person’s weight
  • other medical conditions a person may have, such as liver damage

Typically, a doctor will start a person on a low dosage and adjust it over time to reach the dosage that is right for them. They will ultimately prescribe the smallest dosage that provides the desired effect.

The following information describes dosages that are commonly used or recommended. However, be sure to take the exact dosage prescribed by the doctor. A doctor will determine the best dosage to suit a person’s needs.

Drug forms and strengths

Generic: Losartan

  • Form: oral tablet
  • Strengths: 25 milligrams (mg), 50 mg, 100 mg

Brand: Cozaar

  • Form: oral tablet
  • Strengths: 25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg

Dosage for high blood pressure (hypertension)

Adult dosage (ages 18–64 years)

The typical starting dosage is 50 mg once daily. Dosages range between 25 and 100 mg per day. Losartan is typically taken once or twice per day.

Child dosage (ages 6–17 years)

The dosage is based on a child’s weight. The usual dosage is around 0.7 mg/kg of body weight taken once per day. The child’s doctor will increase or decrease the dosage depending on the child’s response to the medication.

Child dosage (ages 0–5 years)

This drug should not be used in children younger than 6 years.

Senior dosage (ages 65 years and older)

There are no specific recommendations for senior dosage. Seniors may process drugs more slowly. As a result, a typical adult dosage may cause levels of this drug to be higher than normal in the body. A senior may need a lower dosage or a different dosing schedule.

Dosage for diabetic nephropathy

Adult dosage (ages 18–64 years)

The typical starting dosage is 50 mg once daily. A person’s doctor may increase the dosage to 100 mg per day if needed. Losartan is typically taken once or twice per day.

Child dosage (ages 0–17 years)

This drug should not be used in children younger than 17 years for this condition.

Senior dosage (ages 65 years and older)

There are no specific recommendations for senior dosage. Seniors may process drugs more slowly. As a result, a typical adult dosage may cause levels of this drug to be higher than normal in the body. A senior may need a lower dosage or a different dosing schedule.

Dosage to reduce stroke risk in people with high blood pressure and left ventricular hypertrophy

Adult dosage (ages 18–64 years)

The typical dosage is 50 mg taken once daily. A person’s doctor may increase the dosage to 100 mg per day if needed. Losartan is typically taken once or twice per day.

Child dosage (ages 0–17 years)

This drug should not be used in children younger than 17 years for this condition.

Senior dosage (ages 65 years and older)

There are no specific recommendations for senior dosage. Seniors may process drugs more slowly. As a result, a typical adult dosage may cause levels of this drug to be higher than normal in the body. A senior may need a lower dosage or a different dosing schedule.

Special dosage considerations

For people with liver problems: If a person has mild-to-moderate liver problems, their doctor may lower the starting dosage to 25 mg per day.

Allergy warning

Losartan can cause a severe allergic reaction. Symptoms include:

  • trouble breathing
  • swelling of the throat or tongue
  • hives

If a person develops these symptoms, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room.

A person should not take this drug again if they have ever had an allergic reaction to it. Taking it again could be fatal (cause death).

Alcohol interaction warning

Consuming alcoholic drinks while taking losartan can cause a sedative effect. This means a person may have slowed reflexes, poor judgment, and sleepiness. This effect can be dangerous if a person drives or uses other machinery.

Alcohol can also increase the blood pressure-lowering effect of losartan. This increases the risk of blood pressure getting too low.

Low blood pressure warning

This drug may cause low blood pressure, which can make a person feel faint or dizzy. If this happens, lie down and call the doctor right away.

Warnings for people with certain health conditions

For people with kidney problems: This medication can make kidney disease worse. Symptoms of worsening kidney disease include:

  • swelling in the hands, feet, or ankles
  • unexplained weight gain

For people with liver problems: If a person has liver problems, their body will not break down losartan as effectively as usual. For this reason, a doctor may lower the starting dosage.

For people with diabetes and taking aliskiren: A person should not take losartan if they have diabetes and are taking a drug called aliskiren to reduce blood pressure. Taking both of these drugs can increase the risk of side effects from losartan. Side effects include low blood pressure, high potassium levels in the blood, and kidney damage. If a person has diabetes and is taking aliskiren, talk with a doctor before starting losartan.

Warnings for other groups

For pregnant people: Losartan is a category D pregnancy drug. That means two things:

  • Studies show a risk of adverse effects to the fetus when the pregnant person takes the drug.
  • The benefits of taking the drug during pregnancy may outweigh the potential risks in certain cases.

This drug can harm or end a pregnancy. A person should tell their doctor if they are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. Losartan should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk.

For women who are breastfeeding: It is not known if losartan passes into breast milk. If it does, it may cause side effects in a child who is breastfed. A person should talk with a doctor if they breastfeed their child. They may need to decide whether to stop breastfeeding or stop taking this medication.

For seniors: Seniors may process drugs more slowly. As a result, a typical adult dosage may cause levels of this drug to be higher than normal in the body. Seniors may need a lower dosage or a different dosing schedule.

For children: This medication should not be used in children younger than 6 years with high blood pressure.

For Black people: Losartan may not work as well for Black people with certain health problems. For more information, talk with a doctor.

Losartan is used for long-term treatment. It comes with serious risks if it is not taken as prescribed.

If a person does not take it at all: Losartan lowers high blood pressure. If a person does not take it, their blood pressure will stay high. High blood pressure increases the risk of a stroke or heart attack.

If a person does not take it on schedule: Their blood pressure may not improve or may get worse. It may increase their risk of a heart attack or stroke.

What to do if a person misses a dose: If a person forgets to take a dose, they should take it as soon as they remember. If it is just a few hours until the time for the next dose, wait and only take one dose at that time. Never try to catch up by taking two doses at once. This could cause dangerous side effects.

If a person takes too much: If they take too much losartan, they may have symptoms such as:

  • feeling like their heart is pounding
  • weakness
  • dizziness

If a person thinks they have taken too much of this drug, call the doctor or seek guidance from the American Association of Poison Control Centers at 800-222-1222 or through its online tool. If symptoms are severe, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room right away.

How to tell if the drug is working: A person’s blood pressure should be lower. Their doctor will monitor their blood pressure at each checkup. A person can also check their blood pressure at home.

A person may not be able to tell if this drug is helping their kidney function or reducing the risk of stroke. That does not mean the drug is not working. A person should keep taking this drug unless their doctor tells them to stop.

A person should keep these considerations in mind if a doctor prescribes them losartan.

General

A person can cut or crush losartan tablets.

Storage

  • Store losartan at room temperature between 59°F and 86°F (15°C and 30°C).
  • Do not freeze this drug.
  • Keep this medication away from light.
  • Do not store this medication in moist or damp areas, such as bathrooms.

Refills

A prescription for this medication is refillable. A person should not need a new prescription for this medication to be refilled. The doctor will write the number of refills authorized on the prescription.

Travel

When traveling with this medication:

  • Always carry the medication on hand. When flying, never put it into a checked bag. Keep it in a carry-on bag.
  • Do not worry about airport X-ray machines. They can not harm this medication.
  • A person may need to show airport staff the pharmacy label for the medication. Always carry it in the original prescription-labeled container.
  • Do not put this medication in the car’s glove compartment or leave it in the car. Be sure to avoid doing this when the weather is very hot or very cold.

Self-management

A person may need to check their blood pressure at home. To do this, they may need to buy a home blood pressure monitor. A person should keep a log with the date, the time of day, and each blood pressure reading. A person should bring this log with them to every doctor’s appointment.

Clinical monitoring

During treatment with losartan, a doctor may check a person’s:

  • potassium levels
  • kidney function
  • blood pressure

Hidden costs

A person may need to buy a blood pressure monitor to check their blood pressure at home. These monitors are available at most pharmacies.

Are there any alternatives?

There are other drugs available to treat these health conditions. Some may be better suited for a person than others. A person should talk with their doctor about other options that may work best for them.

Disclaimer: Medical News Today has made every effort to make certain that all information is factually correct, comprehensive, and up to date. However, this article should not be used as a substitute for the knowledge and expertise of a licensed healthcare professional. A person should always consult their doctor or healthcare professional before taking any medication. The drug information contained herein is subject to change and is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. The absence of warnings or other information for a given drug does not indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.

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