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High Minister, President, SC and Polls in PP: How Pakistan Conducts Its Azad Kashmir Propaganda

On Monday, Sardar Tanvir Ilyas of Pakistan’s Tehreek-e-Insaf Imran Khan (PTI) used to be elected because the 14th “High Minister” of Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK). Khan, who used to be lately ousted as Pakistan’s top minister, nominated Ilyas after his favourite, Sardar Abdul Qayyum Niazi, resigned following an rebellion throughout the birthday celebration.

The Pakistan Other people’s Birthday celebration (PPP) and the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N), which now govern Pakistan with Shehbaz Sharif as top minister, boycotted Ilyas’ election. They collectively nominated Chaudhry Yassin for the put up of High Minister of the PoK.

The hearings have been held on the PoK Nationwide Meeting, chaired by way of Speaker Chaudhry Anwarul Haq. The Meeting has 53 participants, selected from over 700 applicants by way of roughly 20,000,000 PoK electorate.

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However that isn’t all. Some is also stunned to be informed that the PoK additionally has federal elections, a president (legal professional Sultan Mehmood Chaudhry, who convened the remaining consultation of the Meeting), a Ideally suited Court docket, and a Top Court docket. However what are those establishments for if the PoK is, by way of definition, a territory occupied by way of Pakistan?

Let’s first know how PoK happened. And for this we wish to return to 1947, when Jammu and Kashmir used to be a principality.

  • All the way through the partition of Jammu and Kashmir, it used to be conceivable to enroll in both India or Pakistan, however its ruler, Maharaja Hari Singh, selected independence.
  • Pakistan invaded Jammu and Kashmir in spite of having signed a suspension settlement with the principality, which had sought Indian help and had signed the Software of Accession with India.
  • India’s response to the Pakistani invasion resulted in a conflict that led to 1949 when the United Countries intervened and identified the merger of Jammu and Kashmir with India as criminal.
  • A ceasefire line quickly divided Jammu and Kashmir, with India controlling about 65 p.c of the state and Pakistan the rest 35 p.c. India calls 35 p.c of Kashmir occupied by way of Pakistan (PoK). Pakistan calls it Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) or Azad Kashmir.
  • The POK leaders passed over the northern areas to Pakistan in line with the Karachi Settlement of 1949. A part of the POK within the higher Ladakh area used to be ceded by way of Pakistan to China in 1963.

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  • The PoK is split into two portions: AJK and Gilgit-Baltistan (prior to August 2009, known as the “Northern Areas”). Muzaffarabad is the capital.
  • PoK comprises 10 districts beneath 3 divisions – Mirpur, Muzaffarabad and Poonch.
  • The President is the constitutional head, whilst the High Minister, supported by way of the Council of Ministers, is the pinnacle of the manager department.
  • The unicameral legislature elects the top minister and the president.
  • The territory has a Ideally suited Court docket with a Leader Justice and two different justices.
  • There may be a prime courtroom with 3 circuit benches at Kotli, Mirpur and Ravalakot.

To start with look, the PoK seems to serve as as an independent state. Let’s take a look at to check out lifestyles in PoK, as reported by way of the native media this month.

  • High Minister Niazi (now expelled in a vote of no self assurance as Imran Khan) introduced a ancient Ramadan package deal for the folks and mentioned, “AJK govt will supply a subsidy of Rs 400 in line with 40 kg of flour all through Ramadan. “The Rs 56 crore subsidy might be supplied as a part of the Ramadan aid package deal,” he mentioned.
  • The brand new top minister, Ilyas, reaffirmed his birthday celebration’s imaginative and prescient to make Azad Kashmir a self-sufficient state and mentioned that the well-being and building of the individuals are amongst his most sensible priorities.
  • The minister warned towards unlawful seizure of state land and unlawful building, promising that the apply can be stopped with an iron fist.
  • Police Inspector Common Azad Jammu Kashmir (sure, PoK has its personal police pressure) Suhail Habib Tajik mentioned that all the police provider is being digitized in all 10 district headquarters during the established order of totally supplied police Khidmat Marakiz (Police Help Facilities). The initiative goals to supply operational police services and products to combat crime and stay the peace.
  • There are lots of different departments, together with the PoK Flora and fauna Control Division. Information reviews reported that during February, officers moved into motion when offended villagers stoned and strangled a leopard after it attacked a human agreement within the Jhelum Valley area and injured a number of folks.

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However the narrative stays anti-Indian and revolves across the thought of ​​freedom for Kashmir. Listed here are some fresh statements printed by way of native media.

  • Politicians have introduced rallies to protest High Minister Modi’s talk over with to Jammu and Kashmir in Would possibly, his first talk over with to the area since his govt repealed Article 370 in Jammu and Kashmir, stripping it of its transient particular standing and dividing the previous state into two Union Territories (Jammu and Kashmir). and Ladakh) in 2019.
  • President Chaudhry Sporou instructed Group of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) international locations to impose financial sanctions on India and boycott its merchandise to lend a hand forestall “oppression and barbarism in occupied Kashmir, and sought to redouble efforts to unravel Jammu and Kashmir.”
  • President Chaudhry, whilst paying tribute to former AJK President Mirwaiz Muhammad Yusuf Shah for his selfless social, political and non secular services and products, mentioned that the ex-president’s indomitable position in “Kashmir’s freedom combat will all the time be remembered”.


Officially, Pakistan does no longer imagine the PoK a part of its territory, however calls it the “liberated” a part of Kashmir. The Charter of Pakistan lists 4 provinces of the rustic: Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. AJK isn’t at the record. He isn’t even represented within the Pakistani parliament, the Majlis-e-Shura.

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Even though the PoK is ruled by way of the 1974 Azad Kashmir Meantime Charter Act, the governance construction is powerless and dependent at the Pakistani established order for the slightest factor. Even the courts are subordinate to the Ideally suited Court docket of Pakistan.

In reality, the PoK is run by way of the Executive of Pakistan via its omnipotent Kashmir Council, a 14-member appointed frame headed by way of the High Minister of Pakistan. Six participants are nominated by way of the Executive of Pakistan and 8 are from the Meeting and the PoK Executive, together with the “High Minister” Azad Kashmir.

Article 1 of the Charter of Pakistan, which lists Pakistani territories, additionally comprises a provision for “such states and territories as might or is also included into Pakistan by way of annexation or differently.”

Article 257 of the Charter of Pakistan states: “When the folks of the state of Jammu and Kashmir come to a decision to enroll in Pakistan, the members of the family between Pakistan and the state will be decided in keeping with the desires of the folks of that state.”

The PoK’s charter additionally comprises a ban on individuals or political events advocating “towards or collaborating in actions damaging to the ideology of the state’s accession to Pakistan”. Meeting participants is also disqualified for this. Even electoral applicants will have to signal affidavits of allegiance to the incorporation of Kashmir into Pakistan.

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The army has the final word. Then why does Pakistan want those intuitions, albeit powerless, in PoK?

The solution lies on the center of the bigger Kashmir query. India claims that Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh (together with territories occupied by way of Pakistan) are an integral a part of it. A 1948 UN answer additionally dominated that the merger of Jammu and Kashmir used to be criminal.

Pakistan says there must be a referendum to come to a decision if the folks of Kashmir need to stick with India or develop into impartial (learn, merge with Pakistan).

India dominated this out, arguing that Jammu and Kashmiris’ participation within the elections is comparable to maintaining a referendum.

In spite of everything, the UN answer states that any referendum can simplest be held after Pakistan withdraws its troops from the occupied territories and India maintains the minimal essential troops to finish the method.

So, when the referendum went out of the equation, terror, fueled by way of the discontent of the inhabitants of Jammu and Kashmir, turned into an tool of Pakistan’s overseas coverage. The Pakistani army and ISI recruit, teach and supply logistics to folks from all sides of the border and phone them mujahideen (freedom warring parties).

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This area used to be the middle of terrorism unleashed by way of Pakistan towards India. On the peak of the militants within the Kashmir Valley, many terrorist camps have been positioned within the PoK. Even as of late, many madrasahs within the PoK function as terror factories.

Elections, courts and workplaces of top minister and president in ROK are all a part of Pakistan’s “freedom for Kashmir” propaganda. The message is that a part of Jammu and Kashmir is Azad and the opposite phase additionally desires freedom.


India has all the time rejected PoK elections, announcing that this beauty tournament is Pakistan’s failed try to masks its unlawful career and critical human rights violations. India mentioned that Pakistan has no declare to those Indian territories and will have to vacate them.

Allegations of harassment proceed to return from the PoK. Previous this month, PoK activist Shabir Chowdhry criticized Imran Khan for calling voices towards the atrocities traitors.

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In a similar fashion, a PoK gang-rape survivor who has been combating for justice for seven years additionally lately grew to become to High Minister Narendra Modi for lend a hand looking for refuge and coverage as she and her youngsters face life-threatening threats from politicians. In an emotional video message, she mentioned the police, govt and judiciary had didn’t carry her justice.


India hasn’t ever permitted Pakistan’s declare to the territories it occupied all through the 1947 invasion. And in 1994, the Indian Parliament unanimously handed a answer declaring that Pakistan must vacate the territories of Jammu and Kashmir beneath its career.

As lately as 2019, International Minister S. Jaishankar mentioned that India expects to sooner or later acquire bodily jurisdiction over it. The next 12 months, Military Leader Common M. M. Naravane mentioned that the Indian Military would take suitable motion to go back the PoK if it won parliamentary approval to take action. However successive governments have argued that simplest discussion can clear up the Kashmir downside.



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